Чистка зубов от налета

Plaque cleaning

Let’s first understand what plaque is.

What it happens, what consequences it leads to and how to deal with it.

Plaque is a buildup of bacteria in the form of a film on the teeth. It is soft and firm, white and colored. It is acquired, not genetically conditioned, that is, the formation of plaque is not influenced by hereditary factor (not passed down from generation to generation), it is acquired with poor teeth cleaning at home.

A soft plaque (plaque) is made up of residues of food, bacteria, and mucus that hold plaque directly on the teeth. Soft raid is a self-arising structure. As a self-emerging structure when removed at home in the morning, it will accumulate again and again in the evening. Since bacteria in the oral cavity are always present, a person eats food, which in turn is a breeding ground for germs.

Hard plaque or tartar is not a clean, soft plaque in time, which hardens over time. Solid plaque also consists of food residues, bacteria, dead cells, calcium salts, phosphorus and iron.

Soft dental plaque and hard tartar is formed mainly on the necks of the teeth, can cover part of the crown and root of the tooth, and also localize on the dentures.

Causes of plaque and tartar

The advantage of soft food in the diet in humans is a consequence of social development. We do not need to hunt, we live in the wild, we grow crops.

The population is growing, humanity is looking for new ways to feed itself. This creates new, affordable, long-lasting foods. Many products are ready for consumption. For example, bakery products, dairy products. They «stick» well on the surface of the teeth, and in turn nourish the bacteria, which stimulates their growth and number.

Improper chewing load on the teeth or chewing on one side. This happens because of previously removed teeth on one side, teeth that are painful to bite due to caries and its complications in the form of pulpitis and periodontitis, malocclusion, problems in the temporomandibular joint, inflammatory gum disease.

Incorrectly selected toothbrush. When we decide without a doctor’s recommendation, we have a soft-bristled brush that, in turn, cleanses the teeth worse, with less elasticity to bend when exposed to the surface of the teeth. Or vice versa, when we choose a brush with a stiff bristle that can injure the gums, provoking the inflammatory process and exposing the neck, and consequently the root of the tooth.

Medium stiffness brushes are the middle ground. They have good cleansing ability and do not injure the clear.

By abusing whitening pastes, which in their composition may have abrasive (scratching) particles, we damage the tooth enamel. Or when we use pastes that are designed for people with gum disease, believing that we can prevent gum inflammation. Medicinal pastes are more «soft» and do not cope with the function of cleaning, they should be used only as prescribed by a doctor.

Poor fillings — when the dentist does not reproduce the correct anatomical / natural shape of the tooth, when after poor polishing of the fillings, there are overhanging edges, which are places of retention (delay) of food.

The absence or insufficient polishing of the teeth after the professional hygiene of the oral cavity in the dentist leads to a rapid re-deposition of plaque and stone.

In fact, nature is all thought out. In the presence of all teeth, correctly located in the dental row, when eating solid food, and not preferably soft, is self-cleaning of the teeth due to anatomical features of the oral cavity. Accordingly, the soft plaque and hard tartar are not deposited on the teeth. Unfortunately such patients are united. For this reason, there is a need for professional oral hygiene.

Professional teeth cleaning consists of three stages

Stage 1. Removal of tartar with a special ultrasonic tip. This method is based on the interaction of ultrasonic vibrations with water. Ultrasound, reflected in water, creates a «cavitation» effect, which in turn contributes to the gentle removal of tartar. With proper use of the ultrasound tip, the tartar is quickly and efficiently removed without damaging the tooth surface.

Stage 2. Removal of pigmented plaque of coffeeman, tea lover, smoker, Air-flow and Prophyflex special tips. This is a non-contact method of plaque removal. A special powder consisting of calcium carbonate is fed under pressure with water. It removes the pigmented plaque and gently polishes the surface of the teeth. This is a completely painless and safe procedure that helps to restore the acid-base balance of the oral cavity.

Stage 3. Polishing all surfaces of teeth. It is made by a special mechanical tip at low revolutions with the help of a professional brush and polishing paste. Your teeth become smooth, which does NOT contribute to the rapid formation of a new soft and firm plaque in the future.

What can be the consequences of late dental hygiene?

  • poor aesthetics, as professional hygiene allows you to «whiten» your teeth to the natural color by removing a pigmented plaque that visually renders your teeth dark;
  • bad breath;
  • diseases of hard tissues of teeth, enzymatic activity of bacteria in plaque leads to increase of permeability of tooth enamel, which entails the formation of carious process;
  • periodontal tissue disease, tartar exerts mechanical pressure on the gums, creating microtraumas of the epithelium of the gums and marginal periodontal fibers.

Professional oral hygiene refers to preventative procedures that help maintain the health of your teeth and gums with minimal financial investment.

We recommend professional teeth cleaning at least twice a year.

Ирина Дышловая стоматолог

Dr. Iryna Dishlova

Specializes in endodontics, children’s dentistry
11 Krakivska Street
25B Novomostytska Street
044 332-4-999
097 332-4-999
Opening Hours
9:00 - 21:00
Mail to: info@istomatolog.ua