Что нужно знать об имплантации зубов

What you need to know about dental implants

How is implant placement performed?

Implant placement on average takes 15-20 minutes. After the doctor, together with the patient, planned the type of implantation and chose the implant system, local anesthesia is being done. It is possible to carry out implantation and under sedation (general anesthesia).

Then a small incision is made in the gums and, in fact, the development of a bed in the bone with special drills and the installation of an implant.

Then either a stub is installed and the gum is sutured tightly, or a gum shaper that forms the gum under the future crown, or an abutment with a temporary crown are installed.

All these options are individual and the decision is made during the treatment process.

Which implants are better?

All implants are good. It is conditionally possible to divide implants into two groups:

leaders are implants that have been on the market for more than 20 years (Strauman, Nobel, Astra,
Biogorizont) other implants. But, it is worth noting that all implants are made of titanium:

  • GRADE 4 (less durable titanium on small implant diameters)
  • GRADE 5 (stronger titanium, but worse bone engraftment) and recently zirconia implants have app

The only difference is surface treatment. But, there are not many options:

either acid etching of the surface, or sandblasting to create a roughness, or both.

Conclusion: Almost all implants are available in 95-97% survival rate.eared.

Can an implant be placed if the tooth has been removed long ago?

You have several solutions to this problem:

  • Nothing to do,the antagonist tooth extends and the tooth stands next to it tilts toward the defect;
  • the tooth antagonist extends towards the missing tooth, the adjacent tooth leans towards the defect to install a removable denture (butterfly), which will annoy you at the most inopportune moment, just fall out;
  • will annoy you with an unpleasant sensation and will fall out at the most inopportune moment a bridge, but for this it is necessary to depulpate (kill the nerves) and grind two adjacent teeth;
  • Implant placement is a good modern way to regain chewing effectiveness.

Can a dental implant be placed immediately after tooth extraction?

Maybe (can be). This is called a one-step technique. But, this requires the absence of inflammatory processes in the bone and a sufficient volume of bone. In our clinic, we often use a one-stage technique.

The decision on the implantation technique is made together with the patient at the planning stage when examining a CT scan and oral cavity.

How to eat after installing a dental implant?

There are practically no nutritional restrictions after implantation. More precisely, you need to specify the number of implants. If it is one or two implants, then there are practically no restrictions. And if this is the implantation of toothless jaws, then here you can limit yourself to sharp, salty and solid foods so as not to irritate the wound surface. At the time of taking antibiotics, there is a restriction in alcoholic and low alcohol drinks.

How many implants can be placed at one time?

All teeth can be installed in one go, that is 28 implants. But, as a rule, now, for toothless jaws, 6 implants on the upper and 6 on the lower jaw are enough to restore full chewing effectiveness.

What is better for a badly damaged tooth: “Implant or crown”?

If the tooth is badly damaged, but the walls in it are tight it is better to cover it with a dental crown, and thus preserve it. But, if the tooth is badly damaged (which is indicated for removal), then, in this case, it is better to install a dental implant (so as not to grind adjacent teeth when installing a bridge) and then a crown.

How long does it take to implant implantation?

Implant engraftment requires 2 to 6 months. It depends on the implant system and many more factors.

When installing implants, we get a primary stability of 25 Newton or higher. At 3-5 weeks, this stability drops by about 50-60%. During this period, implants must be cherished and try not to burden them. And only by 3-6 months (depending on the jaw) there is a complete osseointegration of the implant.

Is implantation possible with periodontitis?

Implantation is possible when there is bone. If there is enough bone in periodontitis on x-rays, then implantation is possible. A prerequisite for this type of implantation is the patient’s strict observance of oral hygiene requirements.

What does the phrase “implants with a guarantee” mean?

Almost all implants have a guarantee from the manufacturer. There is no guarantee and cannot be on implantation. The introduction of a foreign body into the human body. Each organism is individual. We accept implantation if he has not taken root, and the patient additionally pays only the “Anti-AIDS” kit. The implant is under warranty. We guarantee that we have all the necessary facilities.

How long will dental implants last?

On average, an implant should last from 10 years. It depends on many factors:

  • how the patient monitors oral hygiene;
  • what are the bad habits of the patient;
  • the absence of injuries and any somatic diseases that can lead to lysis (destruction) of the bone.

What are the differences between Korean and Swiss implants?

There are a lot of Korean implant systems, as well as Swiss. The main difference is the country of origin.

  • Swiss implants are among the leaders since they appeared in the 60s of the twentieth century. They take longer to produce, work on implant surface treatment technology, shape, etc.
  • As for Korean systems, they are practically not inferior to their predecessors, although they appeared much later. Of the main advantages a relatively low cost.

Regarding survival, Korean, as well as Swiss implants account for 95-97%.

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