Professional dental hygiene in children of all ages
When considering a child, we should understand that the age of the child is divided into the following periods:
- period - newborn (0-10 days)
- period - baby (10 days a year)
- period - preschool (1-3 years)
- period - preschool (3-6 years)
- period - younger student (6-11 years)
- period - teenager (11-15 years)
- period - early youth (15-17 years)
Each age group is characterized by specific anatomical, physiological, mental and social properties, called age-specific features, in particular, inherent in the tooth-jaw apparatus. Since the formation of teeth reaches a rather long period, they should be given attention from the newborn period.
Baby teeth begin to erupt from 6 months of life on infancy and continue to exist until adolescence.
They are characterized by three stages:
- stage of formation - during this period it is necessary to make the first visit to the dentist's doctor, who will provide the necessary recommendations for dental care at home, the doctor will provide some information about the anatomical features of the milk teeth (their structure, condition, etc.), this visit is necessary for your the child met the doctor under sensitive conditions when the child had no obvious problems. And subsequent visits of the child to the doctor will be perceived without tears and fear
- stage of stabilization - the period reaches 2.5-3 years, depending on the anatomical and physiological features, after the appearance of the tooth in the oral cavity. The child at this age is still poorly developed with low motor skills - quality cleaning is not achieved, so parents should monitor and help clean their teeth at home. It is also important during this period to begin to teach the child to professional hygiene (in the doctor's office), as the doctor will be able to reliably remove the plaque in the places where you, at home - it is difficult, which will allow you to form healthy teeth and subsequently avoid even their treatment
- the stage of resorption (resorption) of the roots - accounts for the period of alternating bite (this period begins in 5-6 years of life of the child, characterized by the appearance of the first permanent teeth, and lasts up to 12 years). Not every parent knows that the first to appear are chewing teeth (the first angular tooth is a molar), they have no precursors and they have a rather long period of formation. Permanent teeth after eruption are formed for another 3-4 years, they are characterized by two periods after their eruption - the period of formation and stabilization.
During the formation of permanent teeth, they are affected by many adverse factors. To prevent damage to their carious process, it is necessary to cover the indentation in the angular teeth with a special material - sealant (sealing of fissures), as well as to carry out remineralizing therapy: ozone therapy, deep fluoridation, etc.
In adolescence, children begin to attach more importance to appearance, trying to look more attractive.
It is necessary to take good care of the teeth and gums, because during this period they are very vulnerable to adverse factors. The condition of the gums is also affected by hormonal restructuring of the body. Gum inflammation, bleeding while cleaning may occur.
During adolescence, motivation for quality dental care emerges as adolescents begin to understand the role of smile in communication and confidence. So do not delay your visit to your dentist, as this will help reduce your dental costs and time and keep your baby's teeth and gums healthy.